Munarni Munarni


Toddler age 12-59 months is a period when children really need nutrients in sufficient and balanced amounts. Lack of nutrients at this time can cause growth disorders. At this time too, the child is still completely dependent on the care and nurturing by his mother and family characteristics. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of family characteristics and parenting patterns on the nutritional status of children under five in Sigumpar Village, Sigumpar District. This type of research is a survey with the type of explanatory research. The population is all mothers who have children under five totaling 52 people. The collection of data on family characteristics, eating patterns using interviews guided by questionnaires and health parenting patterns using interviews guided by questionnaires. The nutritional status of children under five is based on the BB/TB index. Data analysis used multiple logistic regression test at a significance level of 95%. The results showed that the nutritional status of children under five (1-5 years old) based on the BW/TB index was normal (40.4%) and overweight (fat) 59.6%. Family characteristics consisting of knowledge of mothers in the good category 65.4%, higher education 75.0%, family income > 1,200,000 (100%), working mothers (59.6%), eating patterns applied by mothers to children good toddler 55.8%. Likewise, the health pattern of children under five is good 61.5%. There is an effect of parenting (eating and health) on the nutritional status of children under five.


How to Cite
Munarni, M. (2021). The Effect Of Family Characteristics And Parenting Patterns On The Nutritional Status Of Toddlers In Sigumpar Village, Sigumpar District, Toba Regency In 2020. International Journal of Basic and Applied Science, 10(3), 99–106. https://doi.org/10.35335/ijobas.v10i3.60
G. Mwabu, M. Ainsworth, and A. Nyamete, “Quality of medical care and choice of medical treatment in Kenya: an empirical analysis,” J. Hum. Resour., pp. 838–862, 1993.
A. Azwar, “Kecenderungan masalah gizi dan tantangan di masa datang. Disampaikan Pada Pertemuan Advokasi Program Perbaikan Gizi Menuju Keluarga Sadar Gizi,” no. September, pp. 1–16, 2004.
K. G. Grunert and J. M. Wills, “A review of European research on consumer response to nutrition information on food labels,” J. Public Health (Bangkok)., vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 385–399, 2007.
I. Kolčić, “Double burden of malnutrition: A silent driver of double burden of disease in low–and middle–income countries,” J. Glob. Health, vol. 2, no. 2, 2012.
K. R. Ginsburg and C. on P. A. of C. and F. Health, “The importance of play in promoting healthy child development and maintaining strong parent-child bonds,” Pediatrics, vol. 119, no. 1, pp. 182–191, 2007.
S. Harkness and C. M. Super, “Themes and variations: Parental ethnotheories in Western cultures,” Parent. beliefs, Behav. parent-child relations A cross-cultural Perspect., pp. 61–79, 2006.
Dina Agoes Sulistijani, Menjaga kesehatan bayi dan balita, I. Jakarta: Puspa Swara, 2001.
J. Roelofs, C. Meesters, M. Ter Huurne, L. Bamelis, and P. Muris, “On the links between attachment style, parental rearing behaviors, and internalizing and externalizing problems in non-clinical children,” J. Child Fam. Stud., vol. 15, no. 3, p. 319, 2006.
L. Genesoni and M. A. Tallandini, “Men’s psychological transition to fatherhood: an analysis of the literature, 1989–2008,” Birth, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 305–318, 2009.
Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Depkes RI, “Laporan Hasil Riset Kesehatan Dasar (RISKESDAS) Provinsi Sumatera Utara,” pp. 1–267, 2009.
W. Hanandita and G. Tampubolon, “The double burden of malnutrition in Indonesia: Social determinants and geographical variations,” SSM-population Heal., vol. 1, pp. 16–25, 2015.
Menkes, “Indonesian_Minstry_of_Health_Strategic_Plan_2010-2014.Pdf.” 2010.
K. L. Barriball and A. E. While, “Non‐response in survey research: a methodological discussion and development of an explanatory model,” J. Adv. Nurs., vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 677–686, 1999.
A. Pinsonneault and K. Kraemer, “Survey research methodology in management information systems: an assessment,” J. Manag. Inf. Syst., vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 75–105, 1993.
G. G. Gable, “Integrating case study and survey research methods: an example in information systems,” Eur. J. Inf. Syst., vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 112–126, 1994.
L. J. HARPER, B. J. Deaton, J. A. Driskel, and Suharjo, Pangan, gizi dan pertanian, Cetakan 2. Jakarta: UI-Press, 1986.
Yusrizal, “Analysis of difficulty level of physics national examination’s questions,” J. Pendidik. IPA Indones., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 140–149, 2016, doi: 10.15294/jpii.v5i1.5803.
Soekirman, Ilmu gizi dan aplikasinya untuk keluarga dan masyarakat. Jakarta: Ditjen DIKTI-DEPDIKNAS, 2000.
F. X. T. Sunarti | Adonis, Pola pengasuhan anak secara tradisional di Kelurahan Kebagusan Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, 1989.
617.28 23/12/2021. P. Budi, Riset Statistik Parametrik. Yogyakarta: Andi, 2006.